An Overview of Thai Costumes
Sukhothai period saw the emergence of the 'jong krabane',
a skirt with the cloth gathered together and threaded between
the legs, over three-quarter-length pants. 'Jong krabane'
were similar to Khmer-style garments called 'yak rung' or
'tok Khmer'. Over the upper body, men wore short-sleeved shirts.
The women wore long-sleeved blouses and a tube-skirt with
front-pleated lengths of cloth. Sometimes the women wore the
'sabai' over their shoulders and generally wore their hair
high. Members of the aristocracy wore jewelry or even a crown.
the early Ayutthaya period, during peacetime, men wore long-sleeved
shirts and 'jong krabane' with a cloth wrap at their waist.
Women wore a tube-skirt with front-pleated lengths of cloth.
At the top of the body, they wore a long-sleeved blouse or
draped a 'sabai' over one shoulder. At home, women wore a
'par tap', a long piece of cloth wrapped around the breasts.
Men began wearing their hair short in the 'mahard thai' style.
Women kept their hair high on the head, held in place with
an ornament, or loosely. During wartime, the men wore long-sleeved
shirts or waistcoats and 'jong krabane'. Women wore 'tabang
marn', a piece of cloth wrapped around the back and breasts
and tied at the neck, and 'jong krabane'. Short hair was popular
among both men and women.
the beginning of the Rattanakosin period, costume followed
the styles of Ayutthaya. From the reign of King Rama V, western
costume styles became more popular, with the influence of
the European powers. Men wore shirts called 'ratch patan',
colorful 'jong krabane' called 'pha mueng', and hats whenever
outdoors. Women wore long blouses in the European style and
carried a piece of cloth on one shoulder.
the reign of the present monarch, there has been a resurgence
of interest in traditional costume and fabrics. HM Queen Sirikit
prefers to wear Thai classical costume for ceremonial occasions.
Modern dresses such as 'Thai Ruan Ton', 'Thai Chakri', 'Thai
Boromphimarn', 'Thai Dusit', 'Thai Chitlada', and 'Thai Siwalai',
were adapted from ancient costumes. The men's national suit
is called 'sua phra ratch tan', a short or long-sleeved shirt
with a piece of cloth knotted in a bow at the waist.
basic costume can be seen everywhere, especially in rural
areas. Men wear the 'pa kao ma', a wrap-around, which doubles
as a swimming suit, blanket, bath towel, dress or hammock.
Women wear the ubiquitous tube-skirt at home, or sometimes
for swimming and bathing.
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